Diabetic Eyes, in layman’s terms, means Diabetic Retinopathy. So, what are the causes, symptoms, risk factors, types, and diagnosis? But, what are the stages of retinopathy, treatments, and preventions of this condition?
What is Diabetic (Eyes) Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition arising from diabetes that seriously affects a person’s vision and eye health. Further, Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes mellitus that appears due to damage to blood vessels. The location is at the back of the eye, which usually comprises light-sensitive retina tissues.
Hence, diabetic retinopathy may have no symptoms or mild vision issues but can lead to blindness. Yet, p people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes can be affected. Unfortunately, the longer a person who has diabetes, resulting from not controlling their blood sugar levels, they can develop the eye complications of diabetic retinopathy.
The Causes of Retinopathy?
However, people with diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy due to severe damage to the retinal blood vessels, and this is due to high blood sugar levels.
Therefore, the retina’s blood vessels can inflame, leak, constrict, and stop the blood flow. Also, there is an abnormal growth of the new blood vessels in the retina, which causes severe changes in the eyes, and consequently, a person will lose their vision.
Why should Diabetics get regular eye exams?
Nevertheless, symptoms of diabetic retinopathy don’t appear in the earlier stages of the condition; therefore, getting a regular eye exam is essential if you have diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy can cause vision loss or blindness in severe cases of diabetic patients. Again, early detection can help protect your vision.
It is important to remember that the early stages of diabetic retinopathy don’t usually show noticeable signs or symptoms. However, some people might experience slight changes in their vision, which may come and go. So, it may also include being unable to see faraway objects or having trouble reading a book or a newspaper. The retina blood vessels could start bleeding into the vitreous, a gel-like fluid filling the eyes in the later stages of diabetic retinopathy. You may notice spots like cobwebs or floating dark streaks in your vision.
Thou, dark spots may clear up on their own, it is essential to get medical treatment immediately. Bleeding can cause scarring in your eye, and not getting treatment can worsen. And losing your eyesight due to neglect or thinking it will go away on its own isn’t worth it! Diabetic retinopathy isn’t noticeable in the early stages; regular eye exams are critical because the disease can worsen.
The signs of diabetic retinopathy:
People living with diabetes need to pay attention to these signs, such as:
- When you notice a higher number of floaters in your vision.
- Experiencing blurred vision.
- Notice poor nighttime vision.
- Also, when you see dark or blank areas in your field of vision.
- Or loss of your vision-immediate attention.
- And when your eye color fades or has a wash-out appearance.
Further, these symptoms or signs of diabetic retinopathy affect the eyes and lead to vision alterations, causing vision loss and blindness.
Management of Diabetes:
Diabetic management is the best and only way to stop the progression of the disease, even if you feel your eyesight is satisfactory.
In addition, people with gestational diabetes develop this type of diabetes during pregnancy. A woman can have a higher chance of being a victim or candidate of diabetic retinopathy. Also, a woman who has diabetes before conception makes them more prone to diabetic retinopathy.
Therefore, it is essential to have additional eye exams throughout the pregnancy. Again, contact your doctor immediately if your vision changes abruptly or becomes hazy, spotty, or blurry, including floaters, progressive visual acuity loss, and distortions of your eye.
Other diabetic retinopathy symptoms:
- Dot and blot hemorrhages: Similar to microaneurysms, if tiny, they may appear as break into the deeper layers of the retina, like the outer plexiform layers and inner nuclear.
- Such as Microaneurysms: It’s the initial clinical symptom of diabetic retinopathy. The secondary capillary wall bulges out because of pericyte loss and occurs as tiny, red dots in the superficial retinal layers.
- Retinal edema: The breakdowns of blood-retina’s and the lipids’ leakage and protein from the vessels.
- The Flame-shaped hemorrhages: The Splinter hemorrhages occur in the outermost nerve fiber layers of the eye.
- Also, Cotton-wool spots are: The Nerve fiber layers breaking occlusion of precapillary arterioles and bordered by vascular and microaneurysms hyperpermeability.
- Then Macular edema: It’s the visual impairment of people having diabetes.
- And the Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities: The remodeling of the capillary beds without changes may typically be present on the borders of the nonperfused retina.
- Venous beading and venous loops: They commonly appear adjacent to the areas of nonperfusion. It shows retinal ischemia, and the appearance is a critical indicator of proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
In conclusion, your diabetic eyes or diabetic retinopathy is due to high blood sugar levels and severe damage to the retinal blood vessels. Further, the images help to visualize the above description, such as Dot and Blot Hemorrhages, Retinal edema, Flames shaped hemorrhages, and cotton-wool spots.
Disclaimer: In my post, it contains references to products from one or more sources. I may receive compensation when you click on the link and purchase. It is a recurring post, with regular updates with new information.
Therefore, controlling our blood glucose levels is vital to help prevent Diabetic Eye problems. Also, it is essential to have a yearly eye exam or sooner if you start to experience the above signs and get immediate medical care.
Again, I hope this information is helpful for everyone dealing with diabetes and shows the importance of keeping our blood sugar under control and how to prevent diabetic retinopathy. As always, I aim to help people with diabetes and introduce products that may assist us with controlling the disease safely.
Always My Best,